London: The Capital of England

Trafalgar Square

London is the largest city of England and is located on the River Thames. It is populated with 8.63 million people who are either migrants or locals. London, being the biggest city of Middle Europe, is also the world’s largest financial center. Along with New York, London makes up for the two major financial centers of the world. The city of London enjoys an oceanic climate. In other words, the climate here is neither very hot nor very cold. It is temperate. At times, it is also cloudy. London is home to people from many nationalities. Although, a majority of the population here is British, London also houses many immigrants.

London’s History

London evolved as Londinium on the River Thames in AD 43. The Romans built it. The name London came from Celtic language, the language of ancient Britons, who lived there then. In AD 61, Queen Boudica’s army destroyed London. However, the Queen did not live long thereafter because she committed suicide when the Romans trapped her. Later, the Romans rebuilt the city and made it a trading hub. London remained uninhabited for a long time after the Romans left. The Anglo-Saxons, the inhabitants of the city liked to live in the countryside. It was not until the 9th century when people came to live there. Slowly, they turned London into the largest city in England.

Old London:

But, London became the capital city only in the 12th century. The building of the railways proved to be a catalyst in London becoming very big. Greater London comprises 33 London Boroughs and is ruled by a mayor. Although, the old city is merely a square mile in size, it has its own mayor. Westminster is another famous part of Old London, which is distinct from the main city. Here, you can find the Westminster Abbey, a famous cathedral, the Palace of Westminster and Big Ben. It also houses the habitation of the Prime Minister, 10 Downing Street.

Places to Visit in London:

London, being a diverse and vibrant city, houses some of the world’s best sights and sounds. It is very well-known for its London Theatre, which attracts the best acting talent from all over the world. It is also famous for Madame Tussauds London, a museum housing famous personalities like Lady Gaga, Shakespeare, Amitabh Bachchan, Usain Bolt, etc. Other notable monuments are the National Gallery, the Natural History Museum, the Tate Modem, the Coca-Cola London Eye, the Science Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Tower of London, the Royal Museums Greenwich.

Considering that London has a diverse population, speaks many dialects, houses many notable monuments, has excellent transport facilities, and is the financial center of the world, its nomination as the capital of England is not surprising. A survey has also brought out the fact that London will very soon replace New York to become the financial capital of the world. Its attraction as the premier city for business, finance and politics and its collection of entertainment, media, fashion and art houses give it a distinct place in the world cultural scene.

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